Research paper on capital structure

Argumentative research paper on capital punishment

Stock market development and economic growth.

Argumentative research paper on capital punishment

World Institute for Development Economics Research. Demirguc-Kunt, A. Stock markets, corporate finance, and economic growth: An overview. World Economic Review, 10 2 Fritz, R. Time series evidence of the causal relationship between financial deepening and economic development. Journal of Economic Development, 9 1 Goldsmith, R. Financial structure and development. Greenwood, J. Financial markets in development and the development of financial markets. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 21, Gurley, J.

Financial aspects of economic argumentative research paper on capital punishment. American Economic Review, 45, Kamat, M. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about. We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form.

The reforms undertaken in the capital market since have brought about a healthy growth in the capital market, except for a few stock market scams engineered by Harshad Mehata in and Ketan Parikh in the late nineties. The equity market has registered substantial growth in terms of resource mobilisation, the number of stock exchanges, the number of listed companies, trading volume in the stock exchanges see Table The significant improvement in efficiency resulting in reduction in transaction costs, the improvement in transparency and safety in transactions in stock exchanges have taken place, thanks to regulation by SEBI.

The introduction of rolling settlement system, abolition of Badla system, sophisticated risk management system and trading in derivatives has greatly improved the efficiency of the stock markets. Description: In this case, the service provider pays the tax and recovers it from the customer. Service Tax was earlier levied on a specified list of services, but in th. Direct tax is a type of tax where the incidence and impact of taxation fall on the same entity. These are largely taxes on income or wealth.

Income tax, corporation tax, property tax, inheritance tax and gift tax are examples of direct tax. A nation is a sovereign entity. Any risk arising on chances of a government failing to make debt repayments or not honouring a loan agreement is a sovereign risk.

Description: Such practices can be resorted to by a government in times of economic or political uncertainty or even to portray an assertive stance misusing its independence. A government can resort to such practices by easily altering. The difference between total revenue and total expenditure of the government is termed as fiscal deficit.

The study is based on secondary research and internal insights and explores the course of the Indian capital market, primarily under various contexts which include the impact of the global of financial meltdown on the Indian economy, prudent usage of financial products to ensure that they do not snowball into an economic catastrophe, and evolving derivative trading in India.

The study also explores the Indian debt capital market which has many advantages like diversification opportunities, efficiency in managing cost of capital and financial stability. It also serves for investments in intangible assets that do not have the well-defined collateral often required for traditional loans.

Owners of the World's Listed Companies. Who Cares? Worldwide, corporate bond markets have become an increasingly important source of corporate finance, especially for non-financial companies.This paper highlights the major gaps in the literature on determinants of capital structure and also aims to raise specific questions for future research. The prominence of research is assessed by studying the year of publication and region, level of economic development, firm size, data collection methods, data analysis techniques and theoretical models of capital structure from the selected papers.

The review is based on papers published from to in various peer-reviewed journals. The relationship of determinants of capital structure is analyzed with the research paper on capital market in indian of meta-analysis. Major findings show an increase of interest in research on determinants of capital structure of the firms located in emerging markets. However, it is observed that these regions are still under-examined which provides more scope for research both empirical and survey-based studies.

Majority of research studies are conducted on large-sized firms by using secondary data and regression-based models for the analysis, whereas studies on small-sized firms are very meager. As majority of the research papers are written only at the a day at the beach essay level, the impact of leverage on various industries is yet to be examined.

The review highlights the major determinants of capital structure and their relationship with leverage. To our knowledge, we are the first to uncover these results.

The three latters in brackets followed by each company name are their listed symbol in New Zealand Stock Exchange. Table 1 List of Selected Industries research paper on capital punishment Firms.

Purpose The purpose of this report is to analyse and evaluate the changes of capital structure Theoretical analysis was very rare Pagano The most important implication of this theory is that if there is an optimal capital structure for a firm, this has to be the result of market imperfections. The Modigliani-Miller Theorem has thus become a starting point for further research and a research paper on capital market in indian for testing new theories on capital structure, that incorporate the impact of different market imperfections.

The following text will focus on two of these theories, the static trade-off theory and the pecking order theory. The first part will contain a Both primary and secondary data were obtained for analysis employing both descriptive and inferential statistics for analysis. A sample size of respondents and 90 firms were selected for both primary data and secondary data respectively.

Research paper on capital market in indian

Descriptive statistics was used to analyse the primary data, while Chi-Square was used to draw inference of perceived relationship between capital structure and firm value.

The study suggested that listed firms in Nigeria should strategically plan and manage their capital structure in order to maximize their market values. Keywords: Capital structure, market value, Nigeria, debt, equity. Introduction 1. Explain the concept of working research paper on capital structure management.

Identify and briefly describe several financial instruments that are used as marketable securities to park excess cash. A corporation having a financial plan in place to estimate its assets investment requirement is important. As sales steadily increase it creates a need for increase in assets. In other words, asset needs have a propensity to stem from sales increases.

Another good way to estimate asset requirements is to use the percentage-of-sales technique, which is a technique use for forecasting financial data. That is, the value of the firm might change with the amount of debt that is present. Global Economic Review Vol. Also, we analyze the determinants of the capital structure of these firms. Contrary to previous studies, our results show that privatized firms are not less efficient than firms with private ownership. Many studies have focused on the impact of privatization on the performance of the privatized Home Page Business and Management.

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Show More. Similar Documents Premium Essay. Free Essay. Data collection procedure 34 3. Variables and We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. Taking into account the incentives of insiders to misrepresent their firm type, Why is it important?

What are the sources of capital available to a company? What is business risk and financial risk? What are the relative costs of debt and equity? What are the main theories of capital structure? Is there an optimal capital structure?

Research paper on capital punishment

Capital Structure Stewart C. Spring,pp. JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unless you have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you may use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, non-commercial use.

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Capital Structure Definition

The JSTOR Archive is a argumentative research paper on capital punishment digital repository providing for long-term preservation and access to leading academic journals and scholarly literature from around the world. The Archive is supported by libraries, scholarly societies, publishers, and foundations. It is an initiative of JSTOR, a not-for-profit organization with a mission to help the scholarly community take advantage of advances in technology.

The main objective of financial management is to maximize the value of the equity shares of master essay firm.

Such a capital structure is called as the optimum capital structure. At the optimum capital structure, the weighted average cost of capital would be the minimum.

The capital structure decision influences the value of the firm through its cost of capital and can affect the share of the earnings that pertain to the equity shareholders. They are: 1. Net Income Approach 2. Net Operating Income Approach 3. Modigliani-Miller MM Approach and 4. Traditional Approach Generally, the capital structure theories have the following assumptions: 1. There are no corporate taxes this assumption has been removed later.

The firms use only 2 sources of financing namely perpetual debts ad equity shares 3. The total assets are given which do not change and the investment decisions are assumed to be constant.

This is due to the complex interaction of the market conditions, agency problems and bankruptcy costs.

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